Die ersten Akkorde für die Gitarre: Gitarrenakkorde üben und spielen (gitarre akkorde lernen) (German Edition) [Mr Joseph Alexander, Mr Malte Henning]. Nov. Konzerte mit den besten Gitarristen der Welt! Bestandteile des Workshops sind Anschlagtechniken, Rhythmik, sowie Grundkenntnisse im. Als ich meine erste Uke gekauft habe, war ich komplett unvorbereitet, ich habe zwar mit 13 ein Jahr lang Gitarre gespielt, ansonsten habe ich auf der „grünen.
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The human voice certainly is the eldest and most spread-out naturetone instrument. In the course of thousands of years most different tone systems have developed all over the world, that frequently come from naturetones, and still are rooted in the peoples’ music and cultures, though the music of the occident, especially pop music, has already driven out many cultural possessions of extraeuropean civilizations and almost destroyed them irretrievingly.
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Overtone-Singing Overtone-singing, however, has been maintained in many parts of the world, as in Tuva, Mongolia, where the famous “Chomi” or “Humi”-singers come from. Overtone-singing has become established in the western world since the seventies – especially should be mentioned David Hykes and the New York Harmonic Quire, founded Nowadays overtone-singing is fairly common, there are groups and quires making overtone music in nearly all larger cities. Singing in the Naturetone System NTS The adaption of human voice to the pitches of the Naturetone-System NTS is a question of intonation at best, and it does simply depend on the rapidity of removing the detection of tones from conventional, drummed-in stereotypes.
The ideal of a totally equal temperation, striven for such a long time and still dogged pursued by traditionalists, has turned out to be nothing but anschlagtecnniken artefact that neither exists in physics nor in human physis – it is not existent in nature: As the occidental tone-systemonly uses a small part of those intervals, singing and playing music in gjtarre Naturetone-System is a considerable enlargement of the tone-material, and it can be learned step by step.
Next step is the inclusion of the 11th nature-tone, that produces a “neutral third” in relation to the second, as it is used in oriental music “Arabic third”and therefore it is not difficult to learn. String Instruments As string instruments like violin, viola, violoncello and doublebase are fretless, naturetons can be well-registered by hearing, at least naturetones from number 1 to number 16, and performed easily by playing corresponding deviations from the common pitches. You can detrminate naturetones even by playing natural flageolets – but note: Pluck Instruments Pluck instruments only can be scarcely used in naturetone-music, as the length anschlagtefhniken the strings is strictly divided by frets, so that these instruments are mostly tuned in equal-semitone temperature or in historic tunings – with andchlagtechniken exceptionof instruments, especially constructed for special tunings, like the “enharmonic guitar” by Martin Draaf and Martin Vogel Martin Draaf, Martin Vogel: An inividual tuning of one, two or more strings allows you to adapt different chords, sequences, arpeggios and so on, to the naturetone tuning.
Some of those chords and sequencies can be transposed, but caused by the based temperated tuning, such possibilities are not frequent at all.
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The same to zither, harp, cymbal and similar instruments: Compromises will be necessary – at the expense of exactitude and purity of sounds. Woodwind Instruments Woodwind instruments are also suited for playing naturetone-music.
Deviations from temperated tuning can be managed by special fingerings, half-closings or lip pressure. As construction and origin of a woodwind instrument are responsible for ist special sounding, there are no general instructions to play the pitches of naturetone scales.
You are recommended to start your own pitch table, and some pitch tables, published by experienced musicians, can be at your assistance: John Fonville and Stuart Quimby: Brass Instruments Brass instruments are original naturetone instruments, especially when they are played without pallets. Pallets may be used to play in other naturetone scales besides the instrument’s basic tone. In practice, alterations of a semitone, a whole-tone and a fourth are without any problems – the third only cannot satisfy: It will be necessary in future to construct a special extended tube to achieve a natural third.
This does not concern the trobone – the plyer is only advised to intonate exactly the piches of the naturetone scale. Nature brass instruments hunting horns, alpenhorn, signal trumpets and others oonly allow harmonies basing on the instrument’s basic tone. In naturetone-music it is advantageous to use several different basictone-instruments.
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Die meisten Idiophone, soweit sie nicht nur Rhythmus- sondern auch Melodie-Instrument gitare, entsprechen der temperierten Stimmung. Einzig die Pedal-Pauken erlauben Tonabweichungen im mikrotonalen Bereich. This instrument, presented at New York by Dr. Thaddeus Cahill, was regarded as a real sensation – a precurser of sound synthesis. There is tower erected in its center, higher than the near-by observatory – the Sphaerophone.
The instrument, with musicians and engineers giyarre operators, starts to play. Trautonium The trautonium, developed by Oskar sala, was a most favourite instrument in the time of the first great sund films in Germany. It enabled to produce microtones and the pitches of the nature-tone scale as well. In the Croatian composer Josip Stolcer-Slavenski wrote the the first composition in the nature-tone system – for entirely four trautoniums – but it never had been performed: Scalatron InUSA, George Secor constructed a keyboard to play in different microtonal systems ofand equidistant pitches per octave.
He dealt with a suggestion of Ivor Darreg, who commended this system already in the year to represent pure intervals Just Intonation.
George Secor also developed a new spelling for the p-system “New Scales”,and he declared to be able to realize An octave contains only 16 keys – this makes the instrument easier to handle than the piano-keyboard. But including technical assistance like transposition, combinations and links, the stock of gitarree and sounds of this instrument, indeed, is boundless. Conventional keyboards with seven white keys and five black per octave are not sufficient to play nature-tone scales with 16 pitches or more.
But it is possible to play the harmonic nature-tone scale with 8 pitches by altering the pitch level of every single key.
Most keyboards and synthesizers are equipped today to perform this operation in an easy way. Quartertone Pianos InG. Behrens-Senegalden, Berlin, had already invented the “bichromatic piano” with two manuals on top of the other. Years later, inthe gitwrre piano came finally to technical maturity: August Foerster, Georgswalde in Bohemia. Carrillo Pianos Julian Carrillo completed the division of semi- and whole tones into microtones in his composition “Pianows Metamorfoseados”, a piece with 15 pianos that put all possibilities of dividing a whole tone from the semitone to the sixteenth tone.
All these instruments could have been heard at the world exhibition at Bruxelles in Now they don’t exist anymore, with the exception of one third-tone piano, now in possession of Martine Joste, France. In the last years, however, the sixteenth-tone piano has become reconstructed Sauter-pianosordered from interested musicians of different European countries.
The whole keyboard of this remarkable instrument includes only one octave! Bosanquet’s Harmonium Bosanquet’s Harmonium, also called “Euharmonic Harmonium”, with 53 pitche sper octave, has been created in already, as a gadget to to Bosanquet’s essay “Theory of the division of the octave and the practical use of the resulting musical systems”. Bosanquet’s harmonium really did sound much better than most of the tunings in those days, as the pitch-division comes close to the nature-tone intervals – but George Berhard Shaw, listening to the sounds of Bosanquet’s harmonium, thought them to be “unpleasantly slimy”.
Its two manuals contain 11 bars of keys, each one upon the other, and even five bars of pedal keys. The base of ist tuning is a scale of pure thirds Centthat return to their starting point after series of 31 thirds. From toregularly performances with the new Huygens-Fokker organ took place at Teyler Museum, presenting ancient music literature like Sweelinck and New Music as well, specially written for this organ.
Inthe organization of recitals has been resumed; the organ still keeps its place at Teyler Musem, where you can take a view on it and listen to its sounds.
It is tuned in equal twelfth-tones and so allows to play 72 pitches per octave, divided in three manuals. Each of the keys can be altered about a twelfth-tone by hitting a little push-button at the end of the key.
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The organ enables to play the pitches of the nature-tone scales with adequate precision. Two ekmelic organs had been built – one of them is used in Ekmelic music recitals and during lessons at Mozarteum High School, the other organ is in possession of the International Ekmelic Music Society.
Newkeyboard The Newkeyboard has been specially developed for the nature-tone music. It is going to open up new dimensions of music by its multitude of possibilities to play on.
The Instrument of Dr. Baker reports an extraordinary apparatus, shown by Dr. Thaddeus Cahill at New York. A row of sound generators had been stationned anschlagtecjniken a hall to produce assigned sinus tones, using telephone diaphragmas to make them audible, as loudspeakers did not exist in those days.
The produced tones had frequency ratios in relation to a basic tone, and, depending on whether which apparatus had been switched on or how intense it worked, the sound colour of a certain instrument could be heard in the audience.
A huge collection of such gadgets, Mr. Baker wrote, could be put together to build an orchestra, and: Cahill succeeded in gitarrf the first sound synthesis in the world. Doch die Praxis hat sich als wesentlich komplizierter erwiesen. Die Arbeit an dem neuen Instrument wird wohl noch einige Jahre weitergehen. Dazu wird in der Endausbauphase des Escalophon eine elektromagnetische Anschlagtechnik installiert und von einem Spieltisch aus gesteuert werden.
Human Voice The human voice certainly is anschlagtechjiken eldest and most spread-out naturetone instrument. Strings String Instruments As string instruments like violin, viola, violoncello and doublebase are fretless, naturetons can be well-registered by hearing, at anschlagtechnijen naturetones ansdhlagtechniken number 1 to number 16, and performed easily by playing corresponding deviations from the common pitches.
Brass Woodwind Instruments Woodwind instruments are also suited for playing naturetone-music. Idiophone Die meisten Idiophone, soweit sie nicht nur Rhythmus- sondern auch Melodie-Instrument sind, entsprechen der temperierten Stimmung.
Organs and Keyboards Conventional keyboards with seven white keys and five black per octave are not sufficient to play nature-tone scales with 16 pitches or more.