Resumen. DELGADO FERNANDEZ, María del Rosario; ROMERO RIVERO, Oscar Luis y DIAZ BORROTO, Abel. Central insipid diabetes: presentation of a case. Articulo en XML; Referencias del artículo; Como citar este artículo; SciELO Analytics; Enviar Neurohypophisis and Insipid Diabetes: A description of a case. Palabras clave: Neurohipófisis [Histología]; Diabetes Insípida [ Diagnóstico];. Existen dos tipos: diabetes insípida (DI) central, debida a la síntesis o liberación defectuosas de arginina vasopresina (AVP) desde el Artículos de referencia.

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This results in water reabsorption in the collecting duct of the nephron following an osmotic gradient. In females who present mutation of the AVPR2the phenotypic expression of the defect could be absent, partially present or complete. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. SJR uses a similar algorithm as the Google page rank; it provides a quantitative and qualitative measure of the journal’s impact.

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus | Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México (English Edition)

Increase of serum concentrations of sodium, chloride and urea can be seen in the blood due to the negative balance of water and a tendency to serum hyperosmolality. Large pituitary gland adenomas evaluated with magnetic resonance imaging. These cases allow to emphasize that studies of patients with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and hydronephrosis should also rule out aggregated urinary obstructive causes.

This antidiuretic effect is obtained by promoting water reabsorption in the collecting tubule of the nephron. In contrast, the persistence of a lack of response corresponds to cases of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus Fig.

This test is very useful to establish the diagnosis of diabetes insipidus of any etiology and to differentiate from compulsive polydipsia or potomania.

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Newborns with congenital diabetes insipidus usually have normal weight at birth, although some pregnancies are occasionally complicated with polyhydramnios. Weight and urinary volume should be controlled each hour; if polyuria is great, weight control should be done every 30 min.


El tumor no sobrepasa la tangente medial Grado 1. Dicho manejo es parecido diaabetes que hacen otros autores J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; This picture has been described even in infants. Once this occurs, the granule membrane is reshaped by the cell after the microvesicles are covered and formed. Variations on the standard articulso approach to the sellar region, with emphasis on the extended approaches and parasellar approaches: The procedure for the test is described below.

The variables considered for arhiculos include invasion and resection grades. The histological characteristics of the Neuro hypophysis are described as well as its morphological functions related to the hypothalamus.

AVP is synthesized by large body neurons magnocellular located in the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus. Insipids needed oral desmopressin on a continuous basis to control polyuria. When adequate stimuli are received, the hormone is secreted together with neurophysin by means of exocytosis.

The role of radiation therapy after surgical resection of nonfunctional pituitary macroadenomas. To evaluate our experience regarding the treatment of pituitary macroadenomas with cavernous sinus invasion in a series of 23 cases of transphenoidal resection.

Mental delay, when it presents itself, is a consequence of the repeated episodes of hypernatremic dehydration and the very energetic rehydration treatments that can cause cerebral edema. This item has received. Insipidda ellos fueron intervenidos mediante un abordaje transesfenoidal.

Fishing in the chemical pool. Continuing navigation will be considered as acceptance of this use. Sin embargo, la morbilidad no es despreciable 5, Thus, under the influence of the osmotic gradient of sodium, water is reabsorbed intracellularly, enters the cell through the aquaporin-2 water channel and exits the cell towards the interstitium through aquaporin-3 and aquaporin-4, which is located in the basolateral cell membrane Fig.

The primary or congenital form is hereditary. In our experience, despite tumor extension to the cavernous articulks, pituitary macroadenomas can be safely resected with low morbidity and mortality.


When prostaglandins are administered, the effect of the thiazides decreases. The anti-diuretic hormone arginine-vasopressin AVP is released from the pituitary and regulates water reabsorption in the principal cells of the kidney collecting duct.

Cavernous sinus invasion by pituitary adenomas. Previous article Next article. Figure 2 Urine concentration test in two children with diabetes insipidus. The patient is treated with vasopresine 3 times weekly. A tenor de estos hallazgos, Knosp et al. Posterior pituitary dysfunction in the form of central diabetes insipidus is rare in patients with Sheehan’s syndrome. Among the different groups of patients with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus due to a secondary interstitial tubular disease, one of the most important is that caused by kaliopenic nephropathy which presents in children with severe malnutrition.

Materials, methods and results. Infants frequently cannot drink sufficient fluids to compensate for urinary losses. Occasionally, some uropathic patients have hypostenouric polyuria not dependent on solute loads for prolonged periods, after the surgical correction of the urinary obstruction.

From functional rescue to promising therapeutic strategies. Complications of transsphenoidal surgery: This results in water reabsorption in the collecting duct of the nephron following an osmotic gradient. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab.

Congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. En la actualidad, como podemos ver en la tabla 2, ninguno de los pacientes con resecciones totales o subtotales ha necesitado RDTEF. You can change the settings or obtain more information by clicking here.

The patient with neurogenic diabetes insipidus continuous line with black circles presented volume decrease with increase in urine osmolality after administration of vasopressin. Acquired nephrogenic diabetes insipidus can be caused by electrolyte imbalances e.