Brachiaria purpurascens (Raddi) Henrard. Panicum muticum Forssk. Panicum numidianum Lam. Panicum purpuracens Raddi. Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) T.Q. Systematics & Taxonomy. Urochloa mutica (Forssk.) is a synonym of Brachiaria mutica (Forssk.) Stapf. Localities. Lorong Halus. Locality Map. Species identity: Urochloa mutica (Forsk.) T.Q. Nguyen. Synonyms: Brachiaria mutica (Forsk.) Stapf, B. purpurascens (Raddi) Henr., Panicum muticum Forsk., P.
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The Western Australian Flora. Under too high grazing pressure, para grass becomes very open and subject to invading species Cook et al. Deferred feed Para grass is a valuable deferred feed in driers areas where it keeps growing brachiwria residual moist places and provides green feed for livestock FAO, A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes.
Digestibility of Hawaiian feeding stuffs.
In Australia, this grass forms vast stands, destroying waterfowl nesting habitat and displacing native plants. Para grass is native to northern and central Africa and parts of the Middle East.
Archived March 31,at the Wayback Machine. However, it is difficult to establish from seeds: Mechanical harvesting may be complicated by bogging of machinery in highly productive environments. It is naturally found in poorly drained, swampy or seasonally waterlogged areas, along creeks, rivers, floodplains, wetlands and drainage channels, around lakes and dams, in roadside ditches and in other damp habitats Hannan-Jones et al.
It may bracuiaria deleterious effects on native plant species such as brachiariaa rice Oryza australiensis whose seeds provide food for indigenous birds. Easily established from vegetative sets hand-planted or disc-harrowed to a depth of 10—15 cm.
A creeping perennial grass with long, coarse stolons up to 5.
Urochloa mutica – UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants
Seed heads can be attacked by smut possibly Tilletia ayresii. It is this ability to produce a bulk of fuel in the wet season when not grazed, together with subsequent hot fires that has caused para grass to be regarded as an environmental weed in ungrazed wetland environments in some countries. It grows from sea level up to an altitude of m FAO, Invasive Species Specialist Group. Utilization Para grass is a palatable species mainly used for its high quality forage.
Seed production is commonly apomictic, so that little genetic variation is thought to exist within the species. This impediment on water flow can also restrict navigation of water vessels in shallow braciharia and prevent recreational use of waterways.
Brachiaria and Urochloa are distinguished mainly by habit, Urochloa having rather more flattened, cuspidate spikelets enclosing a pronounced mucro from the upper lemma.
Performance of rabbit fed with paragrass, pellets and their combination [study conducted in the Philippines]. Chemical composition and in sacco degradibility brachlaria some fodder tree leaves, shrub leaves and herbaceous plants. Views Read Edit View history. African grass invasion in the Americas: It should not be grazed before the stand reaches cm high and should not be grazed below 20 cm so that the growing point is not damaged.
Responses to drought of five Brachiaria species. It responds to N and Mmutica fertilizers. Archived from the original on 2 April Cheiron3038— Upon its introduction to the U.
Coccid bug attack associated with sooty mould fungus Capnodium sp.
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences71— Plant and animal families Plant and animal species. Effect of protein supplements and roughage source on growing rabbits.
Florida Noxious Weed List. See Veldkamp, Taxon 45 A perennial species, para grass spreads via creeping stolons, cuttings, and seed. The Philippine Agriculturist, 37 9: Performance of grasses with cutting management under seasonal waterlogged conditions. In spite brachiariq its high number of flower heads, para grass is a poor seed producer and its seeds are not very viable Lansdown et al.
It can grow on alkaline reclaimed soils Rao et al. Growth of tropical forage species under different periods of flooding.
Para grass, when coupled with a complex of endophytic bacteria Acinetobacter sp. It can be used for erosion control on river banks and steep slopes FAO, ; Lansdown et al. Para grass is both suited to poorly drained swampy areas and well drained moist soils.