A review of TWT technology is presented comparing selected aspects and design procedures The general theory of operation of various types of TWT designs is discussed .. ith the introduction of the 4T two chief limitations of Magnetrons. This page on Klystron vs magnetron describes difference between Klystron and covers The klystron with internal or external feedback built in its design can function as oscillator. There are two TWT and Klystron related links. tubes which include klystron,magnetron and Traveling Wave tube(TWT). They are used at UHF as well as GHz frequency band of operation. The difference between normal klystron and reflex klystron is that reflex klystron uses .

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In klystron, instead of air, electrons are used which magnwtrons at desired frequency inside the glass tube and generates microwave energy. Magnetron characteristics are as follows: TWTs can also be used as both continuous and pulsed mode of operation.

That’s supposed to be funny. Modulate first, make kilowatts second. Klystrons are of two types as mentioned below: Gunn diodes have replaced this type of klystrons. Normally it functions as amplifier. Anybody else know the answers? The electrons at the center flow straight. TWT operates on lower efficiency. It can only be used as oscillator.

Difference between magnetron and TWT

Before the invention of transistors, vacuum tubes are used for electronic circuit design. Magnetron devices are tunable. It is similar to pipe organ tube where in air in the tube vibrates and produces sound energy of desired frequency.


The figure-1 depicts TWT.

Here the electron beam is being forced to follow spiral path from cathode to anode by application of external magnetic field. This causes a delay in the bent electrons reaching the anode.

TWT vs Klystron-Difference between TWT and Klystron

There are two types viz. It is one of the important microwave tubes mainly used for wide bandwidth, high gain, low noise and moderate peak and average power requirement. Electronic tuning is achieved by generating variable reactance with the help of electron beam. It is used in TV transmitter, radar and particle accelerators. Difference between analog and digital Posted by samsonovi in forum: It must operate only as oscillator.

Problem is, I have never worked anywhere near that frequency. They are used as low power amplifier. Let us understand TWT and Klystron basics before we look into comparison between the two.

There are two ways to tune the magnetron viz. For all I know, they use magnetrons in communication satellites.

Interaction in klystron occurs only at the gaps of resonant cavities. The main benefits of Traveling Wave Tube TWT is wide bandwidth of operation and can generate hundreds and even cokparison of watts. Small size units produce mwatts of power while large size units produce thousand watts of power. Megnetron help generate power in millions of watts. Discussion in ‘ General Electronics Chat ‘ started by electronewbAug 19, There are two main types of klystron viz.


The microwave tube, klystron is basically a vaccum tube designed with cavity resonators to produce velocity modulation of electron beam for amplification purpose. This page on Klystron vs magnetron describes difference between Klystron and magnetron.

As shown in the figure, cathode in a vacuum tube is heated by a filament, this cathode at high temperature, emits electrons,which are attracted by collector. Five Places to Find Part Info Online These online sources not only help you find part data quickly, but can also help you determine availability and manage bills of materials. No, create an account now. Power ranges from mwatt to several watts. There are two main types of magnetrons viz.

Quote of the day. The microwave signal need to be amplified is applied at the cathode end of helix. Here it is used as high power, narrowband stable amplifier.

Combination of simple diode vacuum tube with cavity resonators and extremely powerful permanent magnet is called magnetron. In coupled cavity TWT, coupling effect takes place between cavities.