Problemas del realismo – Georg Lukács El asalto a la razón. La trayectoria del irracionalismo desde Schelling hasta Hitler – Georg Lukács. by Lu ka qi; Georg Lukacs.; Wang jiu xing.;. Print book. Chinese El asalto a la razón: la trayectoria del irracionalismo by György Lukács · El asalto a la razón . (). Introduccion General a la Historia de Derecho. Barcelona, Gedisa. LESSIG , , , , , LUKACS, Georg. (). El asalto a la razon.
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For Nietzsche the crucial question was this: The third thesis includes nothing that is especially new for us. On the surface, admittedly, epistemology governed the con tent and method of philosophizing much more firmly than ever before; it is as though philosophy consisted of almost nothing else.
Jaspers concedes as much even for the philosophical classics with which Nietzsche was in vigorous dispute throughout his life. At that time, the injustices rason feudal-absolutist society were driving high-principled men into crime, and the study of such criminals constituted an attack on that society.
Die Zerstörung der Vernunft der Weg des Irrationalismus von Schelling Zu Hitler
Bounded by a narrowly bourgeois horizon, it usually remained in perpetual oscillation between pessimism and apologetics with regard to such questions. Admittedly the aristocratic bias of both had similar social foundations: Darwinism accordingly receives a positive emphasis in this phase. But in doing so he went much further than his contemporaries. Mehring was quite right to point out that his arguments against socialism never surpassed ell level of Leo, Treitschke, etc. Only in the light of all these facts lukacz we entitled to claim — without losing a just sense of proportion — that the years marked another turning-point in the development of ideology.
To do so would merely reveal his political naivety and economic ignorance. He was, on the contrary, idealizing those egotistic tendencies in the declining bourgeoisie that were burgeoning in his own lifetime and became truly, universally prevalent in the imperialist period.
Here too we must refrain from taking tone lx style as our criterion, or else we could easily say with Baeumler: Dionysos is the mythical symbol for this turn among the ruling class.
But at the same time he remained on a par with the feudal reactionary, Schelling, inasmuch as what they both considered the chief enemy were the progressive tendencies of bourgeois philosophy: The epistemological appeal to adopt the most extreme irrationalism, to deny completely all knowability of the world and all reason, coupled with a moral appeal to all the bestial and barbaric instincts, is an — unconscious — admission of this position. Here lkuacs his position is contradictory, opalescent.
But in his opinion, it was precisely these decadent attributes which would provide the right material for the new lords of the earth. Lukas in going beyond the philosophy of Schopenhauer he followed the same direction. Much as the basic objectives accorded with the ideological outlook of the parasitical intelligentsia, to voice them in a systematic, brutal and open fashion would have repelled a wide and not insignificant circle.
The clash of class interests between bourgeoisie and proletariat in particular was disappearing from these treatises, and doing so to precisely the degree that it was moving towards the centre of social events in objective reality. The crucial signs of this saving transformation would appear in no other guise than ep of the revival of barbarity.
Whenever man adds to his greatness and stature he also increases in lowness and fearsomeness.
With Nietzsche this question is completely reversed. This is not an irrelevant question; indeed it is central both to his influence on basically Left-oriented circles and to his role in fascist ideology. It may be postulated as a general statement that the decline of bourgeois ideology set asalfo with the end of the revolution.
The inner rottenness, hollowness and mendacity of the whole system wrapped itself in this motley and formally disconnected ragbag of ideas. q
But in actual fact an academic scholasticism was growing up, and trivial professorial squabbles over insignificant nuances were replacing the great philosophical conflicts.
Although backward-looking lukac inevitably resulted from their critique, which was only partially accurate, their correct critical observations are of significance in the history of philosophy nonetheless. Zahn, Friedrich NietzscheDusseldorfp. This new situation too is typical not only of Nietzsche but of all bourgeois philosophy in the age of asalfo decline.
The Destruction of Reason by Georg Lukacs
But it is perfectly evident from this very point how exclusively both Spencer and Nietzsche projected their own ideals on to Darwinism, from which they gained no fresh insights. Hence his epistemology too, though very close to the Machist in general, far exceeded that of his contemporaries and lukaacs in its cynically frank conclusions. In The Will to Power he wrote: For example, Nietzsche reproached D. Scientifically speaking, this methodology has not advanced since the famous fable of Menenius Agrippa.