This manual is part of the FM series, which describes a contemporary. Opposing Force (OPFOR) that exists for the purpose of training U.S. forces. publications in the former Field Manual [FM] series will be TCs outline an OPFOR than can cover the entire spectrum of military and. First, the armor- and mechanized-based and infantry-based OPFOR modules . Likewise, some types of OPFOR described in FM can.

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rm They also provide the additional benefit of targeting airborne radar-aided bombing and navigation opgor, supporting force protection efforts. During a march from the depth to the final assembly area, an army allocates from two to four routes to each division and one to the remaining army troops. See Chapter 7 for more information. An infantry-based force differs from an armor- and mechanized-based force primarily in terms of technological level and the ability to integrate arms into combined arms combat.

A particular training scenario may not require a large array of standing forces or justify the extensive use of mechanized infantry or tank forces.

During fog, reduce day speed 25 to 30 percent. Army groups, armies, and corps can vary widely in strengths and capabilities. The scenario should also include, among other things: The focus of FM is on small-to-medium infantry-based forces in which divisions and separate brigades are subordinate to military regions and districts. They normally conduct set-piece operations, integrating arms at the tactical level.

Such forces may have primary responsibility for combating the opfro threat to the advancing unit and for the defense of critical points, including assembly and rest areas. One way to solve this problem is to transport tanks and other tracked and heavy equipment on heavy equipment transporters HETsat least to the final assembly area.


If not, the infantry-based forces of FM may better fit training needs.

File:FM – OPFOR, Opposing Force Operations (December ).pdf – Wikimedia Commons

This means that a unit on the march must always have at least one CP deployed opflr in control. The army’s width may be from to km. Sign Cm Sign Out. However, the preferred method is for the first-echelon force to enter into combat directly from the march, without occupying a assembly area.

Thus, the length of the army’s first-echelon columns, including forward-deployed combat and logistic support elements, is about km. During extended halts, the OPFOR lays landline, and uses existing telephone networks and cellular systems whenever possible. Thus, this sort of march, too, is better for prewar deployments. The other disadvantage of rail movement is that it is very vulnerable to air or precision weapon interdiction.

File:FM 7-100.1 – OPFOR, Opposing Force Operations (December 2004).pdf

Infantry-based forces are common throughout the developing world. The OPFOR recognizes that it will not be able to hide the large-scale mobilization and movement of its forces. Fmm referenced page often includes a definition of the indexed term. A third module describes the organizations, operations, and tactics of other OPFORs not covered in the first two modules. Both types can field self-propelled artillery and multiple rocket launchers; artillery-delivered precision munitions; medium-to-heavy tanks; and limited thermal capability.


FM Armor- And Mechanized-Based Opposing Force Operational Art – Inroduction

Many of these nations produce and export weapons and technology up through state-of-the-art systems. Of course, the use of HETs o;for the number of usable routes. However, artillery groups might not always move as a single march unit. The OPFOR maintains that, especially for distances under km, rail marches cannot concentrate forces as rapidly as road or combined road and rail marches. When radio communications are necessary, preferred systems are those providing line-of-sight and capable of transmitting at relatively low power.


The OPFOR typically deploys march security elements, even in the depth of friendly territory, since diversionary, airborne, and heliborne threats are always present. Activities supporting deception, such as radar corner reflectors, deception jammers, and dummy radio nets also contribute to the ESO counterreconnaissance effort.

Most of these forces are, in turn, opdor to army groups. The key technologies that can allow this are self-propelled artillery and offensive chemical and biological warfare. The infantry-based OPFOR generally represents the armed forces of a developing country with limited resources.

Rigid adherence to signals security procedures and the proper use of communications security Vm equipment and techniques will minimize information the enemy may collect through signals intelligence. In addition, the OPFOR undertakes a number of operational security measures to reduce the amount of information the enemy may gather, such as Enter Your Email Address. The operational art describes how army groups, armies, and corps conduct operations. Preparations include the following:.

This could be any advanced technology or system possessed by a militarily significant country, including western or developing countries. Thus, the total length of an army’s columns marching in seven routes may be about opflr. The column lengths and intervals depicted in Figures and are examples for “typical” situations. When opposed by an adversary of similar capabilities, an infantry-based OPFOR can conduct conventional, force-oriented combat.