Mahatma Jyotirao Govindrao Phule wrote 16 books that contributed to the social awakening of the dontrodden masses who were subject to the. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule School. Started school years before independence. The ‘caste discrimination’ incident had a great impact on his. Jyotiba Phule was a 19th century social reformer who was a pioneer of women’s education in India. This biography of Jyotiba Phule provides.

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He imagines that matysa and kachchua were some kind of boats that the Aryans from Iran crossed in to invade India. The bride and the groom were made to pledge loyalty to each other and the marriage party then blessed the couple.

He also wrote books for the Satyashodhak Samaj that dealt with history of Brahminism and outlined Puja protocols that the lower caste people were not allowed to learn.

Jyotirao Govindrao Phule – The Great Indian Social Reformer Who Pioneered Women Education In India

He realised that lower castes and women were at a disadvantage in Indian society, and also that education of these sections was vital to their emancipation. Ambedkar yjotirao, the first minister of law of Republic India and the architect of Indian Constitution.

He sacrificed his life for the progress of untouchables, peasants and women. In he wrote the book, Gulamgiri Slavery.

I shall exhort others to believe likewise, c I shall educate my sons and daughters. Ostracised for this by their family and community, their friend Usman Sheikh and his sister Fatima Sheikh provided them their home to stay. The orthodox opponents of Jyotiba were furious and they started a vicious campaign against him. He tore to pieces the misleading myths that were ruling over the 2 Nisar, M.

Heart-broken, his father refused to remarry and appointed a nurse to look after his two boys. Inhe gave a concrete shape to his aspirations and opened the first ever school for girls. Jyotirao was an intelligent boy but due to the poor financial condition at home, he had to stop his studies at an early age. He was the first president and treasurer of the Samaj.


On his death anniversary today, here are some lesser-known facts about the activist, thinker, social reformer and theologist from Maharashtra:. As not teacher dared to jyotirwo in school in which untouchables were admitted as students Jyotiba asked his wife to teach in the school. He asked his wife to teach the girls for which she gladly agreed. A visionary much ahead of his time, he was against child-marriage and supported widow remarriage. There, he met Sadashiv Ballal ;hule, a Brahmin, who remained his close friend throughout his life.

Prev Article Next Article. In the phuule century India no one would have dreamt of educating their girls. It must be acknowledged that he was right to explode the myth of sanctity surrounding the Brahmins.

They even thrashed them. Viewing the pathetic condition of widows and unfortunate children Jyotirao decided the open an orphanage. Recognising the talent of the child prodigy, a neighbour persuaded his father to send him to school.

Many young widows, from the upper-caste spent their days in the orphanage. Their proficiency in growing and arranging became well known and they adopted the name of Phule flower-man in place of Gorhe.

However, the school was temporarily closed due to shortage of funds. Long before Mahatma Gandhi was given the title of Mahatma, there was another social reformer on whom the title of Mahatma was bestowed.

Mahatma Jyotirao Govindrao Phule was a social reformer, activist, writer and thinker. Many accused him of acting on behalf of the Christian Missionaries. One of the few literate women of the time, Savitribai was phkle to read and write by her husband Jyotirao.

Being poor, they cannot afford education. To this end and in the same year, Phule first taught reading and writing to his wife, Savitribai, and then the couple started the first indigenously-run school for girls in Pune.

Remembering Jyotirao Phule: The Pioneer Of Girls’ Education In India

He turned his attention to other social evils. This incident made him realize the jyltirao of the caste system and he resolved to fight inequality. These include religion, the Varna system, ritualism, British rule, mythology, and the gender question, the condition of production in agriculture and the lot of the peasantry. Phule’s akhandas were organically linked to the abhangs of Marathi Varkari saint Tukaram.


They refused to give up their noble endeavor and choose the interest of the larger society over their personal comfort. There is no definite evidence for it, or for the theory that the Brahmins of India were racially different from the rest.

Jyotiba firmly believed that ‘if you want to create a new social system based on freedom, equality, brotherhood, human dignity, economic justice and value devoid of exploitation, you will have to overthrow the old, unequal and exploitative social system and the values on which it is based’. He suffered a paralytic stroke in July Jyotirao attended primary school and then left further schooling to do his family work of growing and selling flowers.

He prospered there but his only son, Shetiba, who was of poor intelligence, subsequently squandered what had been gained. His wife fully supported his idealistic views and became a feminist and social activist in her own right. He was the philosopher, leader and organizer of the oppressed castes.

The orthodox Brahmins of the society were furious at the activities of Jyotirao. He was persuaded to attend the local Scottish Mission High School, from where he completed his English schooling in He always practiced what he preached.

The Brahmins being smaller in number than the people they conquered could dominate the masses verily by dividing them. Privacy Policy Manage Cookies. He encouraged and helped his wife Savitribai to read and write.